Bible Study Notes:
Daniel Prays for all of Israel and Judah. God answers.
Notes Daniel prophesied from 605 to 520 BC.
Jeremiah prophesied from 627 to 588 BC.
Daniel prays for his people in about 539 BC which is shortly after he
survived the Lion’s Den as recorded in Daniel chapter 6.
The Old Testament Bible is not complete at the time of Daniel, but
Daniel recognizes Jeremiah as an authoritative, inerrant text. He believes that what is written in the book of Jeremiah is from God and uses it to pray to God (James 5:16).
Daniel also has the Books of Moses.
Moses is mention in 9:11 at the “servant of God.”
Daniel’s declaration that God had fulfilled “the curse and the
oath that is written in the teaching of Moses” (Dan 9:11)
refers specifically to the curses listed in Lev 26:14–39
and Deut 28:15–68.
Moses predicted the apostasy (Deut 31:16–29; 32:15–35) but also
held out hope that they would repent and believe again (Lev 26:40–45; Deut 30:1–10; 32:36).
9:1-2 Length of the Captivity From the Prophet Jeremiah
-9:2God’s promise through Jeremiah prompted Daniel to pray.
(Jer 16:14–15; 25:11–12; 29:10; see also Deut 30:1–5; Is 11:11–16) - Daniel mentions Jeremiah by name.
9:3-4a Daniel prepares to pray
9:4b-6 Daniel’s Confession of His People’s Sins against God
9:7-11 God’s Righteousness Contrasted with Israel’s Sinfulness
9:12–14 God’s Judgment on Israel’s Sin
9:15-16 That God Would Avert His Anger from Jerusalem
Daniel’s first petition appeals to: The Exodus from Egypt
9:17-19 Daniel’s second petition is a request for God’s favor. (Let His face shine). Like the Aaronic Benediction: The Lord make His face shine on you and be gracious to you. Daniel uses a rare idiom, literally, “we are causing our plea for grace to fall before you, 9:18. The image is of casting a request on the ground before the king, showing abject humility and reliance entirely on his good will.
Daniel is bold in asking God to keep his promise. When praying for things God has promised, his people can always boldly request him to grant them because God’s promises are never broken. The Lutheran Confessions approvingly cite Daniel’s prayer to support several key doctrines (Apology to the Augsburg Confession, Article IV 328-338):
In the Lord’s Prayer the saints pray for the forgiveness of sins; therefore saints have sins, too. …
Therefore Daniel prays (9:18, 19), “For we do not present our supplications before thee on the ground of our righteousness, but on the ground of thy great mercy. O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, give heed and act; delay not, for thy own sake, O my God, because thy city and thy people are called by thy name.” So Daniel teaches us to take hold of mercy when we pray, that is, to trust the mercy of God and not our merits before him. …
Prayer relies upon the mercy of God when we believe that we are heard because of Christ the high priest, as he himself says (John 16:23), “If you ask anything of the Father, he will give it to you in my name.” “In my name,” he says, because without the high priest we cannot draw near to the Father.
Here Christ’s statement (Luke 17:10) also applies, “When you have done all that is commanded you, say, ‘We are unworthy servants.’ ” These words clearly say that God saves through mercy and because of his promise, not as a payment which he owes to us for our good works. …
Indeed, this confession that our works are worthless is the very voice of faith, as is evident from the example of Daniel referred to above. … Faith saves because it takes hold of mercy and the promise of grace, even though our works are worthless.