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Isaiah 63 Bible Study Notes

Isaiah 63 Bible Study Notes

Isaiah 63 Bible Study Notes

Isaiah 63

January 17, 2017

 

This chapter follows the pattern of Mark 16:16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.  Threats are spoken to those who have heard the Gospel but do not believe.  This chapter presents an angry God.  Vengeance for unbelief belongs to Him.

 

The Warrior Savior

1 Who is this who comes from Edom, in crimsoned garments from Bozrah, he who is splendid in his apparel, marching in the greatness of his strength? "It is I, speaking in righteousness, mighty to save."  2 Why is your apparel red, and your garments like his who treads in the winepress?  3 "I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with me; I trod them in my anger and trampled them in my wrath; their lifeblood spattered on my garments, and stained all my apparel.  4 For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and my year of redemption had come.

In Isaiah 34:6, Edom is the slaughter. Edom denotes the ungodly synagog.  This has to do with the devastation of the synagog.  Esau is the father of the Edomites.  Esau wanted to kill his brother Jacob.  He also had no faith in Christ.  This is a frightening thing for Isaiah’s Israel.  They thought they had a Savior.  However, the One they thought was coming to save them is now coming to destroy them. And yet He welcomes those who believe in Him.

 

Who Has No Army

5 I looked, but there was no one to help; I was appalled, but there was no one to uphold; so my own arm brought me salvation, and my wrath upheld me.  6 I trampled down the peoples in my anger; I made them drunk in my wrath, and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth."  

You don’t want to receive salvation in Christ, then you will  receive the One from Edom with stained garments.

 

Remembering the Grace of God

7 I will recount the steadfast love of the LORD, the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD has granted us, and the great goodness to the house of Israel that he has granted them according to his compassion, according to the abundance of his steadfast love.  8 For he said, "Surely they are my people, children who will not deal falsely." And he became their Savior.  9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them; in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old.

During sad times we remember sad things and during happy times we remember happy things.  Christians should recall the promises of God during sad times and recall the threats of God during happy times.  This is what Isaiah does when he sees that most of his brothers are about to perish.  Similarly, Paul says that the destruction of his brothers is deserved but that does not mean the Word of God failed.  Romans 9:6.  But in his sorrow, Paul recalls the former gracious acts of God. There is a work of the angels for our benefit, and this must always be preached. If we did not have their help, things would be different.


 

The Problem

10 But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; therefore he turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

 

Remembering the Works of God

11 Then he remembered the days of old, of Moses and his people. Where is he who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of his flock? Where is he who put in the midst of them his Holy Spirit, 12 who caused his glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses, who divided the waters before them to make for himself an everlasting name, 13 who led them through the depths? Like a horse in the desert, they did not stumble.  14 Like livestock that go down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD gave them rest. So you led your people, to make for yourself a glorious name.

 

A Prayer

15 Look down from heaven and see, from your holy and beautiful habitation. Where are your zeal and your might? The stirring of your inner parts and your compassion are held back from me.  16 For you are our Father, though Abraham does not know us, and Israel does not acknowledge us; you, O LORD, are our Father, our Redeemer from of old is your name.  17 O LORD, why do you make us wander from your ways and harden our heart, so that we fear you not? Return for the sake of your servants, the tribes of your heritage.  18 Your holy people held possession for a little while; our adversaries have trampled down your sanctuary.  19 We have become like those over whom you have never ruled, like those who are not called by your name.

 

Hymn #209 TLH - An Easter Hymn

Who Is This That Comes From Edom

Who is this that comes from Edom, all His raiment stained with blood,

To the captive speaking freedom, bringing and bestowing good,

Glorious in the garb He wears, glorious in the spoil He bears?

 

‘Tis the Savior, now victorious, trav’ling onward in His might;

‘Tis the Savior; oh, how glorious to His people is the sight!

Satan conquered and the grave, Jesus now is strong to save.

 

Why that blood His raiment staining?  ‘Tis the blood of many slain;

Of His foes there’s none remaining, none the contest to maintain.

Fall’n they are, no more to rise; all their glory prostrate lies.

 

Mighty Victor, reign forever, wear the crown so dearly won;

Never shall Thy people, never, cease to sing what Thou hast done.

Thou hast fought Thy people’s foes; Thou hast healed Thy people’s woes.  Amen.

Weekly Announcements

weekly announcements.jpg

TRANSFIGURATION SUNDAY

(The Last Sunday in Epiphany)

Sunday, January 21st  at 9:00am          &                            Monday, January 22nd at 6:00pm

Service   151      Introit            in bulletin      

Hymns   414,  413,  621,  537,  416,  575,  417,  919

 

CALENDAR FOR THIS WEEK

Today    

08:00am Individual Absolution   

09:00am Divine Service            

10:30am Sunday School

11:30am Potluck

 

Monday      

01:00pm Sunnybrook Bible study    

02:00pm  Homebound Visits         

04:00pm Office Hours     

06:00pm Divine Service

07:00pm Voters’ Meeting

 

Wednesday

06:30am Men’s Bible Study    

09:00am Matins Service    

09:30am Women’s Bible Study      

04:00pm Office Hours

06:15pm Weekday School

06:30pm Choir Practice

 

Sunday

08:00am Individual Absolution   

09:00am Divine Service                         

10:30am Sunday School

 

IN OUR PRAYERS

+Salem Osland (Darin’s wife) hip surgery +Charlie Bishop (Karen’s dad) hospitalized in St. Louis with the flu +Juliette (John & Carolyn Yeater’s great-granddaughter) heart surgery +Isabella Valenzuela (Jerry & Peggy Hart’s granddaughter) bone marrow transplant +John Francis (Mary’s husband) treatment +Tom Van Hemert  (Liz’s husband) seminary student - contact information is located in the Narthex +Lucille Wingerter - homebound +Marvin (Bud) Plank - homebound.

 

ANNOUNCEMENTS

THE BIG LWML MITE BOX is located as you leave the sanctuary today.  Thank you for supporting LWML mission projects with your mites!

THE GREETER PROGRAM for Our Savior for the 2018 year has been organized and put in membership boxes.  Thank you for your willingness to greet current and new members on your assigned Sunday.  Please take a minute to read over the instructions for being a greeter and your assigned dates which you can add to your calendar at home as a reminder.  Pastor will post in the bulletin each week who the current week’s greeters are and who will be the following Sunday.  The monthly newsletter calendar will also have the list of that months greeters printed.  If you have any questions or would like to greet and are not on this list please contact Karen Schaub.  Thank you!

NEW VISITATION SCHEDULE  After discussing this briefly with the Elders, I will start organizing my visits in coordination with Elder Groups.  For example, this week John Buttke is assisting with communion, so I will focus on the members of John’s group.  However, I will meet with anyone as needs arrive.  My hope is that visits and the care of your souls outside Sunday mornings, will be a little more deliberate.  I will explain this more in the February Newsletter and in Bible studies.  Also, feel free to stop in during scheduled Office Hours as well.  Thank you and God bless you.  Pastor Pautz

THANK YOU to everyone who contributed to the Adult Bible Study collection over the last few years.  A list posted in the entryway shows past recipients and how much they received.  Again, thank you to everyone who contributed.

 WEEKLY UPDATES by email is available.  If you would like your name added or removed, please contact Pastor Pautz and let him know.  Also, updates are available by Liking and Following the church’s Facebook Page at:  https://www.facebook.com/oursaviorlutheranmuscatine/

 

THANK YOU FOR SERVING 

Organist           Mary Francis   

Elder Group     John Buttke

Acolyte            Zara Stoltzfus 

Flowers             Will Hirschfeld 

Greeters           Allan & Katie Ball 

 

Second Sunday after Epiphany

Second Sunday after Epiphany

Second Sunday after Epiphany

The Second Sunday after Epiphany

Romans 12:6-16

Grace and mercy to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  Amen.

It is written:  6 Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; 7 if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; 8 the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.  (Romans 12:6-8)

Let us pray: Creator Father, grant us Your Holy Spirit, so that we may believe in Jesus Christ, our Lord.  Amen.

There is only one Christian faith.  The Christian faith is to receive Jesus the Christ.  The Jesus spoken of in the Holy Bible.  The Jesus dead and bloodied on the cross.    You are Christians because you are baptized and believe in Jesus.  

 

The verses immediately before our text speaks to our equality in Christ.  It is written:  4 For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office (Rom. 12:4 KJV).

 

This word picture of the body is helpful.

 

First, a body is born.  All the members of the body are born with the body.  And no member of the body gets its place with the body by it own efforts or intentions.  The eyes did not decide to be eyes.  They were born eyes to the body.  Same with the nose.  The nose was born a nose to the body.   The eyes and the nose receive their existence and their powers from the body.  The body, however, only exercises its eyes or nose when it want to see or smell.  So, the body is born and all the members of the body are born with it.  So also, the church is born from Jesus.  Jesus gives all of you the birth from above by Holy Baptism.  Just as Jesus is the first born of the dead on Easter morning, so also you the members of His body will all equally be raised from the dead on Resurrection Day.

 

Second, going back to the illustration of the body, each member of the body is content with the other members of the body.  The eyes are not envious that the nose has the better sense of smell.  Likewise, the nose doesn’t secretly wish it had sight like the eyes.  The eyes and the nose are thankful to be part of the body.  Christians are also thankful to be part of the body of Christ.  

 

Third, again with the body illustration, each member serves the other members of the body.  The eyes prepare the way for the feet.  The feet keep the body from falling and thus protecting the eye.  The same is true for the Lord’s church, the body of Christ.  The congregation has the ears to hear the Lord’s Word preparing the way for a pastor. The pastor is the mouth and hands of the congregation to speak the Lord’s Word and distribute the Lord’s Sacraments.   Each members serves the other members of the body.

 

Finally, fourth, each member suffers and rejoices with all.

 

As the Lord says: 4 For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office (Rom. 12:4 KJV).  The head of the body and the most honorable part of the body is the head.  Jesus is the head of His body.  Jesus is always the head of His church.

 

And yet, you, the members of Christ’s body, are not all the same.  You have gifts that differ according to the grace given to you as our Lord says in Romans 12.

 

The Lord lists several of those gifts that distributes among us, but gifts that we don’t receive in the same proportion.


For example, prophecy.  All Christians could be given the gift of prophecy but the Lord only gives it to some.  And even to those who receive the gift not all have it in the same measure.

First Sunday after Christmas

First Sunday after Christmas

First Sunday after Christmas

First Sunday after Christmas

Galatians 4:1-7

Grace and mercy to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  Amen.

 

It is written in Galatians chapter 4: I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father. 3 In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world. 4 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” 7 So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God. Thus far the text.

 

Let us Pray: Abba Father, who respects people who are justified by faith before You are pleased with their actions, keep us steadfast in believing in Jesus that we may always be Your sons and heirs forever more; in the name of Jesus.  Amen.

 

Galatians is a letter Paul wrote quickly in his own hand, crushing the outbreak of false doctrine in that congregation. Lutherans have always treasured the epistle as  a powerful declaration of justification by faith, "the Chief Article of the Christian Religion, the master and prince" of all other doctrinal matters, as Luther wrote.

 

Moreover, Luther wrote two commentaries on Galatians, the second one as his final say on justification by faith. This commentary was so important to the Book of Concord editors that they commended Luther's commentary twice - for readers wanting to know more about the topic.

 

In case anyone wonders about the Book of Concord's attitude, the section on justification is called "The Righteousness of Faith" in the Formula of Concord.

 

Going back 50 years earlier, the Apology of the Augsburg Confession, written by Melanchthon, has a long section on justification by faith, which reflects upon the Augsburg Confession, #4  and #5.

 

Anti-Law

This lesson is extremely important because the Antinomians (Anti-Law, literally) have misused it to promote their cause. That is not a side issue, because Universal Objective Justification (justification without faith) is another version of the Antinomian argument. The Antinomians say that "now we have Christ and the Gospel, so the Law is obsolete."

 

So their favorite passage needs to be restored to its clarity, to defeat their false claims. This chapter builds upon the classic one used for the Antinomian cause -

 

Galatians 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

 

24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.  25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.  26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

 

Paul is countering the false claims that Christians must be observant of Jewish law to be real Christians. After all, Jesus and the disciples were all Jews, and the Gospel is based on Old Testament Promises being fulfilled.

 

Against that, Paul preached that the Gospel alone converts and does not require someone to come from a background of Jewish observances.

 

KJV Galatians 4:1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father.

 

This is a parable, offering a little story about the difference between being under the Law and under the Gospel, and it reflects the earlier passage about the schoolmaster. A child of wealth or influence is no better than a servant of his father when he is still in school, still being tutored. All of them are subordinate to the system and have to follow the rules. Some think they are above the rules because of their importance.

 

24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

 

This is Paul's argument to keep the Galatians from returning to salvation based on obedience to the Law. The Antinomians have turned this into making the Law obsolete. In the modern version, everyone is born forgiven and will be forgiven all future sins. This eliminates repentance and the Means of Grace. One illustration is from WELS Meditations -

 

"WELS Meditations, March-May 2014, for Monday, 17 March 2014.   "No matter what you did yesterday -- or failed to do -- and no matter what you will do tomorrow, God has forgiven you."

The Eduard Preuss quotation, states that everyone in the world is born forgiven. Everyone.

 

But Galatians does not say this - nor does any passage in the Bible. Why would we baptize infants if they were born forgiven and already saved? Why confess sins that are already forgiven?

 

The modern version of Antinomianism (anti-law) proves that no one escapes the Law of the Antinomians. They condemn and excommunicate those who deny and reject their modern nonsense. During Luther's lifetime, Agricola the Antinomian, constantly agitated against Luther.

 

The Law Shows us Our need for the Savior, so the Law is spiritual (from the Holy Spirit), useful, and good. The Law is a brief way of saying the entire universe was created by God, so those principles are part of everything we do. People have shown that they bring themselves to grief by saying they are above or beyond the Law. They damage many others, too, who suffer from the Antinomian illusion of being too mature, wise, or noble for the Law.

 

3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:

 

Paul means to say that the Law is something material, mundane, earthly. It may restrain evil, but it does not deliver from sin. The Law does not justify; it does not bring a person to heaven. I do not obtain eternal life because I do not kill, commit adultery, steal, etc. Such mere outward decency does not constitute Christianity. The heathen observe the same restraints to avoid punishment or to secure the advantages of a good reputation.

On a lower level, the Law restrains our behavior, and we can see that in effect across all cultures. But the higher level of the Law accuses our conscience, so we feel guilt and seek the comfort of forgiveness and salvation.

 

But the Law does not bring comfort and forgiveness, as Luther wrote so eloquently-

 

...the Law has nothing to do with justification. If it thrusts its nose into the business of justification we must talk harshly to the Law to keep it in its place. The conscience ought not to be on speaking terms with the Law. The conscience ought to know only Christ. To say this is easy, but in times of trial, when the conscience writhes in the presence of God, it is not so easy to do. As such times we are to believe in Christ as if there were no Law or sin anywhere, but only Christ. We ought to say to the Law: "Mister Law, I do not get you. You stutter so much. I don't think that you have anything to say to me."

 

When it is not a question of salvation or justification with us, we are to think highly of the Law and call it "holy, just, and good." (Romans 7: 12) The Law is of no comfort to a stricken conscience. Therefore it should not be allowed to rule in our conscience, particularly in view of the fact that Christ paid so great a price to deliver the conscience from the tyranny of the Law. Let us understand that the Law and Christ are impossible bedfellows. The Law must leave the bed of the conscience, which is so narrow that it cannot hold two, as Isaiah says, chapter 28, verse 20.

 

4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

 

This verse is clearly a Virgin Birth passage, because the point is assumed rather than argued. That was already known in Paul's circles, so there was no need to repeat the obvious. But it is restated in another form - God sent forth His Son - divine nature, born of a woman, born under the Law - human nature. This God-Man redeemed those born under the Law, paying the price for their sins.

 

This is the great message of the Gospel, that the power of the Law was overcome by the Savior born under the Law. This came about in the fullness of time. God prepared His people for centuries and provided a Savior for them who would convert many of His own people (though He was rejected by the great and wise) and send forth the Gospel across the Roman Empire.

 

Through the Means of Grace, Jesus transcended all governments to establish His Kingdom, which continues to grow as new souls are added and new lands conquered for the Gospel.

 

6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.

 

This is the Holy Communion passage, in a sense, because Paul refers to the Lord's Prayer, which was traditionally reserved for closed communion, when all others were ushered out of church. (Traditions vary, of course)  The importance is shown by the Lord's Prayer in Matthew, Luke, and Romans 8:15 as well.  This shows the pure grace of God, since this forgiveness comes to us through faith in Jesus, not through works of the Law; in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

 

The peace of God (which…) guard and protect you through Jesus, Our Savior.